Table of Contents
103.8 Perform basic file editing operations using vi
Key Knowledge Areas
- Navigate a document using vi.
- Use basic vi modes.
- Insert, edit, delete, copy and find text.
Terms and Utilities
- /, ?
- i, o, a
- c, d, p, y, dd, yy
- ZZ, :w!, :q!, :e!
h, j, k, l : left, down, up, right
H : top of screen L : bottom of screen G : end of file gg: 1st line of file CTRL+D: scroll down half screen CTRL+U: scroll up half screen CTRL+E: scroll window down 1 line CTRL+Y: scroll window up 1 line w : move forward one word b : move backward one word
Screen - adjust/position
z<CR> : make the current line the window top z. : ... window center z- : ... window bottom
/pattern search next line matching pattern ?pattern search prev line matching pattern n : repeat last / or ? (=> next match) N : reverse last / or ? (=> previous match)
x : delete at cursor position X : delete the character left of the cursor position s : delete char at current pos and enter insert mode S : delete whole line and enter insert mode D : delete the rest of the line from current cursor pos
Insert + Replace:
a : append after cursor A : append at end of line i : insert before I : insert at beginning of line o : insert (open) line below O : insert (open) line above r : replace the the character at cursor pos R : start replaceing characters at cursor pos
. : repeat the last command J : join lines :e file: load file instead the currently loaded file (force with :e! file) :r file: insert contents of the given file after the current cursor pos :! cmd : execute command cmd in a subshell
Basic vi modes
There are two modes of operation: insert (press i in command mode) and command (press ESC in insert mode).
In command mode every key strike is a command to vi - you can navigate the text or enter commands. In insert mode you enter text.